ACM MM 2021

Conditional Directed Graph Convolution
for 3D Human Pose Estimation

Wenbo Hu       Changgong Zhang       Fangneng Zhan       Lei Zhang       Tien-Tsin Wong


Graph convolutional networks have significantly improved 3D human pose estimation by representing the human skeleton as an undirected graph. However, this representation fails to reflect the articulated characteristic of human skeletons as the hierarchical orders among the joints are not explicitly presented. In this paper, we propose to represent the human skeleton as a directed graph with the joints as nodes and bones as edges that are directed from parent joints to child joints. By so doing, the directions of edges can explicitly reflect the hierarchical relationships among the nodes. Based on this representation, we adopt the spatial-temporal directed graph convolution (ST-DGConv) to extract features from 2D poses represented in a temporal sequence of directed graphs. We further propose a spatial-temporal conditional directed graph convolution (ST-CondDGConv) to leverage varying non-local dependence for different poses by conditioning the graph topology on input poses. Altogether, we form a U-shaped network with ST-DGConv and ST- CondDGConv layers, named U-shaped Conditional Directed Graph Convolutional Network (U-CondDGCN), for 3D human pose estimation from monocular videos. To evaluate the effectiveness of our U-CondDGCN, we conducted extensive experiments on two challenging large-scale benchmarks: Human3.6M and MPI-INF-3DHP. Both quantitative and qualitative results show that our method achieves top performance. Also, ablation studies show that directed graphs can better exploit the hierarchy of articulated human skeletons than undirected graphs, and the conditional connections can yield adaptive graph topologies for different kinds of poses.

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        author      = {Hu, Wenbo and Zhang, Changgong and Zhan, Fangneng and Zhang, Lei and Wong, Tien-Tsin},
        title       = {Conditional Directed Graph Convolution for 3D Human Pose Estimation},
        booktitle   = {ACM International Conference on Multimedia (ACM MM)},
        year        = {2021}